Eyona Ukuphuculwa Kwekhaya Rafters vs Trusses (Pros & Cons kunye nesikhokelo soYilo)

Rafters vs Trusses (Pros & Cons kunye nesikhokelo soYilo)

Apha sabelana ngemiqadi yethu vs isikhokelo sokuyila isikhokelo kubandakanya ukuba ziyintoni na, umahluko kunye nepros & cons. Ukwakhiwa kwekhaya kunye nemiqadi yophahlaEsinye sezigqibo ezibaluleke kakhulu xa usakha indlu iya kuba luyilo loyilo. Uphahla aluchaphazeli kuphela indlela elingaphandle ngayo ikhaya, kodwa likwathatha isigqibo sokuba uza kulikhusela njani ikhaya lakho kwizinto zangaphandle.

Ezimbini zeendlela eziphambili zokwenza uphahla zikunye neeRafters Roof kunye neeTrusses zephahla. Ezi ndlela zimbini unokukhetha kunye neengozi ezininzi ezahlukileyo kwenye ezixoxwe ngezantsi.



Imiqadi yophahla yindlela endala evavanyiweyo kwaye iyinyani, ngelixa amaplanga ophahla eza kungena ukuba ibaleke ngemali yayo (ngokoqobo).



Kuhle ukuba kuthiwe uphahla aluyonto ekufuneka iphazanyisiwe xa kufikwa kumdlalo wokuzonwabisa wenzele ngokwakho. Xa usenza utshintsho ekhayeni, qiniseka ukudibana nenjineli eyakhiweyo, okanye ikhontraktha ukuqinisekisa ukuba naluphi na utshintsho olwenziweyo lukhuselekile kwaye lusemthethweni.

Isiqulatho



Yintoni uphahla emva?

Uyilo lwe-trussUphahla lwophahla lusetyenziswa eluphahleni. Le yindlela yesiNtu esetyenziswayo xa kubiyelwa, kwaye ‘umqadi’ yenye yezona ziqwenga zisetyenzisiweyo.

Ibhodi yomqadi isetyenziselwa ukwenza ithambeka lophahla, apho likhonkxwa khona okanye lijijwe kunye nomqolo wophahla kunye nomphezulu weendonga zangaphandle. Ezi zihlala zibhangqwe ngokudibanisa iisilingi ukudibanisa kunye ukwenza oko sikubiza ngokuba luphahla.

Le fom yokwakha nayo ingabizwa ngokuba kukubamba intonga, ethi ilinganiswe kwaye isikwe kwindawo yomsebenzi. Ngelixa imiqadi ngokwesiqhelo yenziwe ngamaplanga, kutshanje ziye zafudukela ekubeni neenketho zentsimbi zokujikeleza.

I-Rafters ayisiyonto ebonakalayo ebonakalayo ngaphakathi kwekhaya, ngaphandle kokuba yenzelwe ukuba njalo. Unokufunda ngakumbi ngokwahlukileyo iintlobo zophahla Apha.

Yintoni iTruss Roof?

Itrayi yangaphakathi yomthi ebonakalisiweyoNgokwenkcazo i-truss yophahla sisakhiwo somthi esenziwe kwangaphambili. Umboko wokhuni ubekwe uyilo lwewebhu olunxantathu ukunika inkxaso.

Uyilo lweTruss lubandakanya ii-chords ezahlukeneyo, amaqhina kunye nemiqadi yokwenza inkqubo yokuphahla iyonke. Le ndlela inceda ngokulinganayo ukusasaza umthwalo wophahla ngamandla angcono. Olu luhlobo olutsha loyilo olubandakanya okuncinci kumsebenzi wesiza kunye nexesha elichithwe kuphahla.

Iipropu zophahla zibiza kakhulu kunendlela yokukhetha i-rafter ekwenziweni kobuninzi bokuveliswa ngaphandle kwamehlo, ngelishwa zininzi kakhulu ezinokuthi zenziwe ngokwezifiso ngenxa yoku nangona kunjalo. Ezi ziye zanda ngokuxhaphakileyo kwaye zezona zisetyenziswa ikakhulu kwizakhiwo ngoku.

Umahluko phakathi kweRafters kunye neTrusses

Kukho umahluko ophambili okhoyo phakathi kwemiqadi kunye nemikhondo ekunceda ukuba ubone ukuba unayo ngoku, okanye ungathanda ukuba nantoni na kwixa elizayo. Olunye lomahluko ophambili unokukuhambisa ukusuka kwelinye icala ukuya kwelinye.

imela yekhekhe lomtshato kunye neeseti zeseva

Apha ngezantsi kukho uluhlu lwezinto eziluncedo kunye nezingeloncedo kuhlobo ngalunye lokucacisa okungcono elifanele ikhaya lakho.

I-Trusses Pros kunye neCons

Iinkonzo eziluncedo

Iitrasi zilulungele uphahla ngenxa yezizathu ezininzi kwaye zinokuba yindlela entle yokuyila ikhaya nakweyiphi na indawo.

Ulawulo lwemeko: Ulawulo lomgangatho lukhulu kakhulu, kuba izinto zakhiwe kumzi-mveliso, kwindawo elawulwayo, ukuchaneka kwazo kuphezulu kakhulu.

Ukongeza, abantu abasebenza kwezi bakhethekileyo ukuba basebenze kuphela kwiitrasi imini yonke, yonke imihla, ke bayayazi into ekufuneka beyijongile.

Ukulawulwa komgangatho kugcinwa ngenxa yofakelo olukhawulezayo olushiya uphahla lwendlu ekubeni luyekwe luyekwe kwizinto ixesha elide ngaphambi kokuba ligqume nge sheathing.

Ukuhanjiswa: Enye into edibeneyo kukuba ekubeni ezi zinto zakhiwe ngaphandle kwesiza, zinokuhanjiswa kwangoko kwishedyuli ukuba zifakelwe umhla okanye usuku olulandelayo ukuze izixhobo zingadingi ukuthatha indawo eninzi.

Kwaye ukusebenzisa le ndlela kuvula abasebenzi ukuba bagqibezele eminye imisebenzi de kufike iitrasi. Oku konga ixesha ekuthumeleni kunye nakumsebenzi uphela kuba kulula ukuwufaka bakufika kwisiza, banokugqitywa ngemini okanye ezimbini kuxhomekeke kubungakanani kunye nabasebenzi.

Ixabiso: Oku kukonga iindleko ngenxa yokuncitshiswa kwabasebenzi kunye nezinto ezisezantsi kwixabiso xa kuthelekiswa nenkqubo ye-rafter.

Ukomelela: Ngaphezulu kwayo yonke into yokufumana ii-trusses ezakhiweyo, zomelele kunenkqubo ye-rafter yemveli. Oku kungenxa yokuba iibhrashi ezibandakanya uyilo, zinika ukuhanjiswa kobunzima obungcono.

Iingxaki zomthengi

Kukho ukwehla okumbalwa xa kufikwa kwinkqubo ye-truss yokuphahla eyibeka ngokwahlukeneyo kwimiqadi.

Indawo yophahla: Okokuqala, ii-trusses zithatha indawo eninzi, zishiye igumbi elininzi kwigumbi eliphezulu, kwaye zingavumeli iisilingi ezivulekileyo zokuhombisa.

Ngelixa indleko zomsebenzi zehlile, ukunyuka kwiindleko kuya kuba phezulu kancinci kunemigangatho kuba kukho izinto ngokubanzi.

utolo wow erica mena utshatile

Ukucwangcisa: Enye into ethathelwa ingqalelo kukuba le ndawo yakhiwe ngaphandle kwendawo kwaye kufuneka yenziwe kwaye icwangciselwe ukuhanjiswa kwangaphambili, ukuba iprojekthi ukuba iqhubela phambili okanye ingemva kwalo mhla inokubangela ingxaki.

Kwaye indawo kufuneka ibe nkulu ngokwaneleyo ukulungiselela ukuhanjiswa, ungasathethi ke ngobunzima bokuthumela into enkulu kangako.

amakhonkco esithembiso egolide amhlophe

Utshintsho: Njengoko sele kukhankanyiwe, ezi zinto zakhiwe ngaphandle kwesiza, oko kuthetha ukuba ziya kwakhiwa kubungakanani obuthunyelwe kubo, ukuba kukho naluphi na utshintsho ngomzuzu wokugqibela okanye iishifti ezinokubangela ingxaki enkulu, kwaye ziphele zibiza kakhulu ukuba kufuneka ilungisiwe.

Okokugqibela, ii-trusses azishiyi igumbi elininzi lotshintsho lwexesha elizayo, onke amaqhekeza abekwe kwindawo ethile yenkxaso efanelekileyo, ukukhupha isiqwenga okanye ukuhambisa into kunokuba yingozi.

IiRafters Pros and Cons

IiRafters Pros

I-Rafters inokuba lutshintsho olukhulu nokuba ineempawu zayo ezahlukileyo kwezi trusses zikhankanywe apha ngasentla.

Indawo yophahla: IiRafters zibonelela ngakumbi ngendawo yee-attics njengoko zilwakhiwo oluvulekileyo. Oku kuthetha indawo yokugcina ngakumbi okanye ukongeza igumbi elongezelelweyo ngendawo evulekileyo.

IiRafters zikwanika ukhetho lwesilingi ezizodwa ukuba unqwenela njalo, oku kunokubandakanya isilingi evaliweyo okanye a icawa yecawa enkulu , kodwa ezo zifuna ucwangciso olongezelelekileyo.

Zokuvala: Xa usebenzisa imiqadi ungasebenzisa ubushushu ukwenza isithintelo kwaye uncede ukugcina iqondo lobushushu lilawulwe ekhayeni.

Ukucwangcisa: Kuba imiqadi yakhiwe esizeni, banexesha elincinci lokukhokela kuba abadingi longezo longezelelekileyo.

IiRafters zinokuguqulwa njengoko kufuneka ngalo mhla zifakwa ngalo okoko kukho izinto ezaneleyo. Oku kungagcina iintloko ezininzi ekuhambeni kwexesha, kwaye kuthintele naziphi na iimpazamo zendlela ezinokwenzeka.

IiRafters Cons

Kukho i-cons ezimbalwa ezahlukileyo nakwii-trusses ngokunjalo.

Ukusetyenziswa kwexesha / Iindleko: IiRafters zichitha ixesha elininzi, kuba zonke kufuneka zakhiwe ngexesha lokwenyani, kwindawo leyo. Oku kunokubangela ukuba amaxabiso abo anyuke nawo, ngokusekwe kwiindleko zabasebenzi.

Ezi ndleko zomsebenzi zinokunyuswa ziingcibi eziqeqeshiweyo, ezibiza kakhulu, kuba sisakhono esikhethekileyo.

Ukomelela: I-Rafters ayinamandla njengokhuphiswano lwayo lomqhudelwano, ngaphandle kokuqiniswa okongeziweyo ukuba iitrusses ayinako ukubambelela kubunzima obukhulu obenza ukhetho oluncinci.

Bungakanani Ubungakanani bamaplanga obusetyenziselwa iiRafters Roof

Xa usenza imiqadi yophahla usebenzisa i-2 x 10 okanye 2 x 12 yeplanga. Oku ke kwehla emacaleni ukusuka kummango ophakathi.

Kubalulekile ukuba zonke zilingane ngobude okanye iziqwenga aziyi kulunga ngokuchanekileyo. IiRafters zinendawo ephezulu yeenyawo ezingama-30. Oku kuthintela ubungakanani besakhiwo.

Oku kunciphisa ukuba ubude beemithi buya kuba yintoni; ngokusekwe kububanzi bebonke uphahla kufuneka lugubungele.

Ubungakanani besakhiwo buya kuchaphazela kakhulu ubungakanani bezinto ezifunekayo. Ngezixhobo ezikhulu ezifunekayo, iindleko zinokuqhutywa, kwaye zenze ufakelo lube nzima ngakumbi. Qinisekisa ukuba unayo nayiphi na into kunye nezixhobo zokukhusela xa ujongene neziqwenga ezinkulu.

Bungakanani Ubungakanani Bemiphunga Obusetyenziselwa Izinto Zophahla

Iitrasi zihlala zisebenzisa amaplanga aqala ku-2 x 4 ukuya ku-2 x 10 ngokuxhomekeke kubungakanani besakhiwo esakhiwayo. Ukuba yishedi nje encinci, iya kufuna into encinci njenge-2 x 4.

Xa kuziwa kumakhaya amakhulu, baya kuba ngaphezulu kuluhlu lwe-2 x 6s kunye ne-2 x 8s. Iipropu zophahla zinokuhluka ngokobungakanani nangobubanzi besithuba ukuze kubekho amaxwebhu okwakha aboniswe kwangaphambili ukwenzela ukuba babe nakho ukuvelisa ngokoko.

Enye yeenzuzo kwiitrasi ngamaxabiso asezantsi, ngokusebenzisa ezi ziqwenga zomthi ezincinci ukwakha itrasi kukho ukubanakho ukufumana iziqwenga ezininzi kwisiqwengana esinye semithi.

Umzekelo ukuba une-2 x 10 ungayisika ukuze ufumane u-2 x 4 kunye no-2 x 6 xa kufuneka njalo. Ukuqinisekisa ukuba ezi ndlela zisetyenziswa ngeyona ndlela isebenzayo kunokuqhuba iindleko ngokukhawuleza.

Iitrasi vs iRafters yokuThwala uMthwalo

Enye yezona zinto zibaluleke kakhulu xa kuziwa ekuthatheni isigqibo sokuba yeyiphi inkqubo yokuphahla efunekayo kukuba ubunzima obunjani ekufuneka bukwazi ukubamba.

Zombini ii-trusses kunye ne-rafters zinokuthwala umthwalo nangona, njengoko zifuna ukubambelela kwizinto. Umbuzo omnye oqhelekileyo ukubuzwa nangona kunjalo, yeyiphi eyomeleleyo?

utata wesuti yomtshakazi

Ngaba iindawo zoPhahla zomelele kunamaRafters?

Ewe, iitrasi zophahla zinokubamba ubunzima obukhulu kunemiqadi. Ayisiyiyo loo nto kuphela, kodwa banokuhamba umgama omde kwaye babambe ubunzima obungaphezulu.

Iitrasi zinenkangeleko yewebhu ebandakanya ii-brace ezininzi ezibekwe ngobuchule ukuze ii-trusses zomelele kwaye zinokuxhasa ubunzima bezakhiwo ezikhulu kunye nayo nayiphi na imozulu engathandekiyo okanye ezinye izinto ezinokongeza ubunzima kulwakhiwo.

Uphahla lwenzelwe ukumelana nokuninzi kunokuba kufuneka njalo, kuba awukwazi ukuqikelela ikamva kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo awufuni kuwa.

Ukongeza, ezi ziqwenga zomthi zisengozini yokwenzakala, kwaye ngokuhamba kwexesha kunokuhla komthwalo.

Ukubona ngokupheleleyo ukuba ingakanani into umntu anokuyibamba, kukho ukubala umthwalo wophahla onokuthi wenziwe, kodwa kuyacetyiswa kakhulu ukuba ufumane uchwepheshe enze ezo zibalo kwaye anike isindululo esisesikweni kwinto omele ukuyisebenzisa.

izinto zokwenza kwishower yomtshato

Rafters vs Trusses Iindleko

Xa kuziwa kwindleko zokuhamba kunye nemikhombe yomibini inamahla ndinyuka. Ukulinganisa i-pros kunye ne-cons phakathi kwezi zimbini kunokuhla kwiindleko, kwaye ukusuka apho ungabona ophumeleleyo ocacileyo.

Iindleko zeRafters: I-Rafters, njengeyona ndlela yesiko yokufulela uphahla, ifuna isakhono kunye nokuchaneka.

Olu hlobo lwezakhono lufunyanwa kuphela ngabasebenzi abathile, ngokukodwa abasebenzi abadala, abathe kutshanje bathatha umhlala-phantsi.

Ibango kunye nenqanaba lesakhono elifunekayo liqhuba iindleko zabasebenzi zokwakha imiqadi ephezulu esibhakabhakeni.

Ukwakha imiqadi kwisiza ayisiyonto ekhawulezayo nokuba. Esi sizathu sisodwa sisizathu sokuba imiqadi zibiza kakhulu kwezi ndlela zimbini.

Iindleko zeTrusses: Iitrasi ziyimveliso eyenziwe kwangaphambili, oko kuthetha ukuba yakhiwe kwindawo kwaye yathunyelwa kwindawo.

Kwindawo yokuvelisa bayankqonkqoza itoni kwezi ngexesha lokuqhuba kwezinto kunye neendleko zabasebenzi.

Kukho iindleko zokuhambisa ngenqaku elikhulu, elinokuba loloyiko, kodwa ekuhambeni kwexesha kuya kubakho ukonga ukulungiselela oko.

Sebenzisa itrusses kuphelela ekubeni ikho ukusuka kwiipesenti ezingama-30 ukuya kuma-50 kwiindleko zophahla lwendlu.

Ekugqibeleni imikhwa ihlala isetyenziswa emva koko imiqadi. Iitrasi zibiza kakhulu ukwakha kunye nokubonelela ngamandla ophahla.

Ezimbini zezona zinto ziphambili zinqongopheleyo yimikhono kukukwazi ukwenza ngokwezifiso uyilo kwaye bashiye igumbi elincinci lendawo yegumbi eliphezulu.

Ngolwazi oluthe kratya ndwendwela iphepha lethu kwi- iintlobo zoyilo lwesilingi .